As today begins the first Mercury Retrograde of 2021, what better way than to pay honors to the Prophet Hermes عليه السلام* himself.
The primary figure of Mercury ☿ in the Western world is commonly referred to as Hermes Trismegistus, which means Hermes Thrice Great. This figure of Hermes 3G originates around 3 c. Ptolmaeic Egypt (white Greek pharaohs) where they fused the properties of the Egyptian God Djehuti aka Thoth ➕ Hermes. They were both Gods of communication, Wisdom, all the sciences, math, all the Mysteries, the intellect, the powers of the spoken word (heka), the written word, patron of scribes, etc. Essentially, he was “an initiator into the mysteries of the divine science and wisdom that animate the world¹”. The 3x Thrice Great epithet in his name has been widely speculated. A few traditions say that he has been documented as having been alive during 3 different time periods, as a teacher to the prophets and mankind.
Regardless of the god-factor, many don’t know that Hermes is also a Muslim prophet. While he isn’t mentioned by name as Hermes in the Quran, he is referenced extensively throughout Islamic commentary to have definitely² been the prophet Idris (AS) and Enoch.
But PLOT TWIST – in the 7 Islamic planetary heavens (according to the system of Ibn Arabi), Hermes rules over the solar sphere. His abode is that of the sun, while the prophet Isa or Jesus (AS) rules that of Mercury ☿. When one gets into studying these systems, as could be explored on the tree of life (shown below), there is an inherent interplay between Mercury and the Sun.
On that note, it’s quite interesting that even though both systems used a heliocentric model for their cosmologies, within the Hermetic Qabalistic tradition, Jesus, the Christos, is placed at the central-most sphere of the sun in Tiphareth. But in the Muslim traditions of adapted Neoplatonism (which in this case did come earlier) Hermes has always been at the center of the planetary heavens as transmitter of the Tradition.
* AS= Alayhi Salam = عليه السلام = Peace be Upon Him
¹ Faivre, Antoine. The Eternal Hermes: From Greek God to Alchemical Magus (Phanes Press, 1995).
² Erder, Yoram. “The Origin of the Name Idrīs in the Qurʾān: A Study of the Influence of Qumran Literature on Early Islam.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. 49, no. 4, 1990, pp. 339–350. Accessed 8 Feb. 2021.